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Glossary

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CHORD

A chord in music is any set of notes that is heard as if sounding simultaneously.

CHROMATIC SCALE

Scale of semitones.

DOMINANT

5th note of the scale

FRET

A fret is a raised portion on the neck of a stringed instrument, that extends generally across the full width of the neck. On most modern western instruments, frets are metal strips inserted into the fingerboard.

LEADING TONE

7th note of the scale

MAJOR SCALE

Also known as the Ionian – 8 note scale -T T S T T T S

(T)one (S)emitone

1st – Tonic- key note
2nd – Supertonic
3rd – Mediant
4th – Subdominant
5th – Dominant
6th – Submediant
7th – Leading tone
8th – Tonic ( or Octave)

MEDIANT

The third note in the scale

MIDI

MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is an industry-standard protocol that enables electronic musical instruments (synthesizers, drum machines), computers and other electronic equipment (MIDI controllers, sound cards, samplers) to communicate and synchronize with each other.

OCTAVE

8th note of the scale

SCALE

Sequence of musical notes

SPICCATO

Play rapid detached notes

STACCATO

Playing short crisp notes

STAVE

In standard Western musical notation, the staff or stave,[1] is a set of five horizontal lines and four spaces, each of which represents a different musical pitch, or, in the case of a percussion staff, different percussion instruments.

SUBDOMINANT

4th note of the scale

SUBMEDIANT

6th note of the scale

SUPERTONIC

The second note of the scale.

TONIC

This is the first note of a scale.

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